Stress and anxiety helps individuals face threats, along with challenging circumstances, and it also helps individuals to deal with external threats. Nevertheless, some people are not so lucky as you and I, because they have to suffer from anxiety that persists over time, and which is also mostly irrational.
Such individuals are considered to be suffering from a condition known as an anxiety disorder which has a variety of causes, as well as causes that in turn, when studied, helps physicians identify the sort of anxiety disorder an individual is experiencing.
The most common kind of anxiety condition is the one that is described as general anxiety disorder (GAD), which has characteristics such as lengthy durations of anxiety that is unjustified, but still present over a time frame. GAD is a condition in which the person experiencing it is incapable of describing their stress and anxiety, and which is an issue that also seems to affect women more than men. Typically, this form of anxiety disorder lasts for about six months, and it continues and causes the sufferer to experience dizziness, headaches, as well as become insomniacs, and there is also some amount of palpitation of the heart felt also.
Some people establish particular fears, and this type of anxiety disorder is unique in that the sufferer is not able to find a reason for their irrational fear of specific objects or scenarios. It is not the same as regular fears that most people experience, as the fear being felt in this case is intense, and causes nauseous sensations, along with shortness of breath, hand shaking, and a palpitating heart.
Another kind of anxiety disorder is the one described as post-traumatic stress disorder that occurs in individuals that have suffered a severe and emotionally upsetting, traumatic experience such as having undergone a threat to their lives, or even having experienced somebody’s death. Occasionally, such people come into contact with particular stimuli that cause them to link the stimulus with the past distressing activity and this in turn will cause a post-traumatic stress disorder.
Other forms of anxiety disorder consist of obsessive-compulsive disorders, panic disorders, and social fears. Individuals that are affected by obsessive-compulsive disorders will have a continuous fixation and/or compulsion, where undesirable thoughts and images preoccupy their minds, and any attempt to suppress these thoughts will lead to the exacerbation of the thoughts, rather than the suppression of the disturbing thoughts.
Panic disorders have certain traits such as the reappearance of panic attacks that happen suddenly. Social fears cause a person to believe that they are the center of everyone’s attention, even when that is not the case.Learn More
Some individuals are unfortunate enough to suffer from anxiety that does not ever relent, and simply refuses to disappear. If you are one such person, then you will discover suitable anxiety attack relief measures that will help you gain back control and bring normalcy back into your life. Though a particular amount of anxiety is normal and quite typical; when it takes place over a longer period of time and in excess, you understand you have a major issue on your hands.
Prior to seeking appropriate anxiety attack relief measures, it is needed that you first understand what the common signs are. As a matter of fact, the early signs of anxiety attacks consist of rapid pounding of the heart, increase in blood pressure, severe feeling of fear or panic, muscles becoming tensed up, feeling headaches, feeling pain in the chest, in addition to suffering unreasonable fears, and fearing facing life.
These symptoms are really disturbing, and were it not for the fact that today there are several excellent anxiety attack relief methods available, life for someone impacted by anxiety would have been a living hell. Still, many individuals that deal with stress and anxiety continue to think that it is not possible to manage their stress and anxiety, and so, will continue suffering in silence.
The initial step in regards to appropriate anxiety attack relief is to take control over your circumstance, and it includes doing basic things such as making modifications to your habits, along with your thoughts; both of which can help manage your stress and anxiety. You can, for example, repeat in your mind, things such as telling yourself that you are ok, that you can survive your experience, and reassure yourself that no harm will befall you.
Once you alter the direction of your inner thoughts, you can help redirect signals of anxiety away from your brain, therefore help eliminate signs of anxiety. Even breathing exercises are effective anxiety attack relief techniques that have provided substantial relief from anxiety. In fact, performing deep breathing exercises is not hard to learn or do, and when you start doing these exercises for even a number of seconds, you will find that you are able to manage your sensations of stress and anxiety a lot better.
Anxiety disorder is another issue that lots of people need to deal with, and the symptoms of this disorder include racing of the heart, rapidity of breathing, along with feeling dizzy, as well as claustrophobic. In order to get the most out of anxiety attack relief approaches, it is also needed that individuals experiencing stress and anxiety have a first-aid kit which should consist of items such as soft music, interesting poetry, along with statements of self-affirmation, in addition to aromatic oils, and even phone numbers of people to be contacted during an anxiety attack.Learn More
For many people, sleep is an important part of their life. When interrupted by tension or anxiety, the loss of sleep can bring about depression. Anxiety sleep disorder treatment is typically no effort to find, specifically if the loss of sleep is occasional, as opposed to chronic.
In some cases, the person may have to consult their physician for a more particular depression anxiety sleep disorder therapy such as prescription medicine. Most of the time, sleep issues are a sign of other problems, and until the underlying problem is resolved, the sleep disorder will continue.
Among the most common sleep problems is tension, as individuals are unable to ease their mind enough to sleep. Often times after they do get to sleep, they awaken in the middle of the night thinking about what is causing their stress. For most, an effective depression anxiety sleep disorder treatment may be a sleep aid to help clear their mind so they can fall asleep quickly. For others, a time release formula might be needed to help them stay asleep throughout the night.
Some nonprescription sleep aids might help at first, but, their effectiveness is iffy as a depression anxiety sleep disorder solution. Finding ways to take care of depression or stress will be more effective in the long term. Many sleep aids affect the nervous system to put an individual to sleep. Those dealing with depression anxiety sleep disorder, treatment may consist of drugs that work as an antidepressant, as well as calm their stress and anxiety.
Many of these have unwanted results such as building an addiction; requiring continued use to help them get to sleep. The good news is that many antidepressants prescribed by their physicians can end the depression and help them sleep without extra sleep aids.
For periodic problems with sleeping, over the counter medicine can help them sleep. For depression anxiety sleep disorder treatment, a physician can help identify the causes of depression and anxiety, and remove them. If it is a temporary circumstance, such as a major life-changing event, short-term aid can eliminate any long-lasting effects.
For a few, depression anxiety sleep disorder treatment could continue for many years without any obvious environmental cause of the depression or stress. As soon as the causes have been recognized and removed, the physician can then prescribe a continuing depression anxiety sleep disorder treatment to assist the patient with their sleep disorder.Learn More
For many people who are up all night, the internet has become a safe-haven for entertainment and relief. However, did you realize that you can actually get help and relief for your sleepless nights by joining one of the many insomnia online forums that have become available.
These forums are populated with hundreds of people, just like you, who also struggle with sleeplessness. Lots of people are embarrassed to join one of these forums, and to admit that they suffer from sleeplessness. In order to help relieve you from that embarrassment, we have put together a list of the leading reasons why anyone who has trouble sleeping can benefit from signing up with insomnia online forums.
If you have been dealing with insomnia for any extended length of time, you may have a hard time discussing it with your loved ones. Sleeping disorder online forums relieve this uncomfortable circumstance by enabling you to join as an anonymous user, and get advice from total strangers.
It has long been stated that occasionally, a stranger is simpler to talk with than a buddy. These online forums certainly prove that theory, as there are hundreds of people similar to yourself you are willing to lend an ear, as well as their own recommendations and ideas, to those struggling with sleepless nights.
One of the nicest aspects of insomnia forums, is that you can join using any name you want. You don’t ever have to offer your actual name, and so, there is no possibility of people discovering who you really are, if you don’t want them to. For instance, you could be a sleepless-mommy or dead-tired-daddy if you wished to be. Nobody ever needs to know your real identification.
While there are numerous doctors that visit sleeping disorder forums, what you find mostly are genuine individuals who are really suffering from the exact same thing you are. You will find out about treatments and natural remedies that you may not have known about before; all from individuals who have actually been there. Recommendations from a physician is wonderful, but in some cases, what works best are the tried and true techniques that others have used and been helped by.
You should not count on insomnia online forums, nonetheless, if you feel that your insomnia might be chronic in nature. Persistent sleeplessness can have disastrous results on your body and mind, and must be treated by a doctor right away. However, if you only experience moderate cases of insomnia, sleeping disorder forums might be just the thing for you.Learn More
Not being able to sleep during the night can truly be frustrating. Yes, no one has actually been reported of passing away because of lack of rest. However, lack of sleep has been identified as one of the primary causes of reduced productivity of people throughout the day. If you are among those individuals who have been suffering from lack of sleep that you cannot operate well throughout the day, it would be a great idea for you to seek treatment for insomnia.
Discovering an effective treatment for sleeping disorders is crucial, particularly if you have been losing sleep for more than a week. According to experts, losing a lot of sleep can weaken the immune system of our bodies. When the defense system of our body is weakened, we become prone to various kinds of health problems.
The very best way to find an effective treatment for sleeping disorders is to seek advice from a professional. Find a specialist on sleep disorders. Ask for an appointment with the specialist to discuss your sleep disorder. When meeting with the specialist, see to it that you ask questions regarding your circumstance and explore your options with the assistance of the specialist. Note that there are various sorts of treatment for sleeping disorders, so you have to pick out the one that is suitable for you.
When choosing the type of treatment for sleeping disorders, consider the effects of this treatment to your body. Do not just choose a sleeping pill right away. Yes, taking that tablet will be much easier, however, that might not be the best that you can do. Always bear in mind that treating a disorder with drugs is not always favorable. If you can discover some natural ways to treat your sleeplessness instead? A natural treatment for sleeplessness does have a great deal of benefits over those medicines. For one thing, natural treatment procedures do not have side effects, and they cost even less compared with those drugs.
Natural treatments for insomnia consist of simple and practical activities that you can do to help you relax before bed time. A good example of a natural treatment for a sleep disorder is a change in lifestyle. For instance, if you love drinking coffee throughout the day, as well as before bedtime, cut down on that habit.
Do not drink coffee or other kinds of beverages that has caffeine in it at least three hours before bedtime. Keep in mind that caffeine in your blood will keep you awake longer. If you get rid of the source of caffeine in your blood hours before bedtime, you will have better chances of getting to sleep easily.Learn More
If your child awakens in the middle of the night shouting in sheer terror, they might be experiencing pavor nocturmus, commonly referred to as sleep terror disorder. Frequently, this is confused with nightmares, but there is a major difference, because the child often remembers exactly what caused their nightmare while they might not wake up at all throughout an episode of sleep terror disorder, and will not remember being awake.
Episodes of sleep terror disorder are prevalent in children between about three and eight years of age, although they can be experienced by older kids, as well as adults. The specific reason for sleep terror disorder is unknown, however, it is typically associateded with stress or lack of rest. During an episode, which can be frightening to the parents, normally the episode will last between ten and twenty minutes, after which the child will go back to sleep and have no memory of the event the next morning.
Figuring out the difference between sleep terror disorder and the child awakening during a bad dream should be simple enough, as the kid might have the ability to explain about monsters under the bed, and falling through space when they have a nightmare. While these frightening dreams happen during the REM sleep stage, the memory of the occasion is typically vivid when the child gets up. They will also be awake instantly after the dream, while being comforted by a parent.
Seldom will a child suffering from sleep terror disorder have any idea the next day of what terrified them awake. While a parent is holding the child throughout an episode, the child will continue to be asleep, entirely unaware they are having a problem. Regardless of repeated attempts by the parents to calm the child, they will not be consciously awake and will be incapable to talk about what triggered the fear.
If a child continues to suffer from sleep terror disorder, removing the environmental causes of the anxiety and seeing to it the child is getting appropriate sleep most evenings can really help decrease the number of sleep terror disorder episodes. In some serious and lasting cases, the physician might suggest sedatives to remove the tension, and help the child sleep throughout the night.
Parents, however, should not try to self-diagnose or medicate the child without speaking with a medical professional. There might be some concealed causes of anxiety to the child that the physician can detect and help eliminate. Usually, after the age of eight, the sleep terror disorder will vanish by itself.Learn More
If you are struggling with a sleep disorder of any kind, you can rest assured that you are not alone. In fact, there may be as many as 40 million individuals in the United States alone who are presently experiencing some kind of sleep disorder.
Some of these individuals have turned to their physician for help, while others are using over the counter remedies or merely suffering through. The good news is that there are symptoms that can be used to accurately diagnose this condition so that effective treatment options can be explored. Sometimes the remedy can be as simple as way of life changes that will help to promote an excellent night’s sleep. In other cases, your physician might recommend medication or suggest therapy as a means of overcoming your sleep disorder.
While it may seem quite simple to recognize a sleep disorder, a lack of a good night’s sleep is not the only sign that doctors will search for. Various other symptoms might include fatigue or irritability throughout the day, inability to focus or remember things, slow reactions, emotional outbursts, and an overall appearance of looking worn out.
You might also drop off to sleep easily during the day, even when carrying out activities like driving or working at your desk. You might turn to caffeinated drinks and various other methods to stay awake and alert throughout the day. Any or all of these symptoms might also point to a possible sleep disorder, and needs to be gone over with your physician.
Treatment of a sleep disorder will depend in part on exactly what type of condition you are diagnosed with. Insomnia, the inability to sleep or remain asleep throughout the night, is commonly dealt with through way of life modifications and occasionally prescribed sleep aids. Depending upon the reason behind the sleeping disorder, therapy may also be suggested. Another common sleep disorder, sleep apnea, should be identified and treated by your doctor, because there are potentially major medical problems that can result from this disorder. Treatment will frequently include devices to use during sleep, behavioral changes, and occasionally, surgery.
There are various other kinds of sleep disorders that are not as typical, but will need their own specialized treatment strategy. The best individual to identify and treat your sleep disorder is your doctor. If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, and you suspect that a sleep disorder is the reason, it is a good idea to make an appointment with your doctor to discuss your diagnosis and treatment alternatives.Learn More
As an increasing number of people find it difficult to sleep during the night for numerous reasons, many kinds of sleep disorder treatments have actually been invented through the years. Many of these sleep disorder therapies are quite effective, and there are likewise a few of them that simply just don’t work at all.
The effectiveness of a specific sleep disorder therapy is usually influenced by the state of emotions and the environment of the person who is struggling with sleeplessness. Thus, before an individual begins on a sleep disorder treatment, he or she ought to make it a point to delve much deeper into the cause of his or her insomnia. Understanding the causes of insomnia will make treatment easier.
Among the most highly recommended sleep disorder treatments is basic relaxation. According to specialists, the most common cause of sleeplessness is stress. A lot of people who are hyperactive during the day, and those who are handling some personal issues are typically too keyed-up to sleep during the night. As a result, these people lie awake in bed through the wee hours of the morning. Some of them fall into a fitful sleep, and they commonly get up several times in the night. In any case, the outcome is often the same. Not having the ability to sleep at all or fitfully sleeping through the night can make a person feel worn out and drowsy during the day.
To fight off insomnia, a person who is under stress must learn the best ways to relax and loosen up before going to sleep. There are numerous relaxation methods that one can adopt to calm his/her nerves before bedtime. A few of these relaxation techniques consist of yoga exercises, hypnosis or simply reading a great book.
Battling off sleeplessness can be rather complicated for many people. A great deal of people are simply too stressed out and too edgy that they require more potent sleep disorder treatment like drug treatment to help them relax and get some sleep. In cases like this, the sufferer should consult his or her physician initially prior to taking any medications.
Taking over the counter drugs is not actually a great idea. Although taking sleeping pills can be very helpful at times, taking the pill is not actually advisable in the long run. Like any other forms of drugs, sleeping pills can have some adverse effects on the body. Furthermore, there is likewise the danger of becoming dependent on the drug.Learn More
The trouble with some females is that they frequently suffer from pregnancy and insomnia, and even regardless of feeling extremely exhausted and tired, sleep is something that will continue to elude them. It frequently can become a brand-new challenge that impacts both the pregnancy and their own psychological makeup as well.
Such females should follow particular steps in order to come to terms with their pregnancy and insomnia problem, and an initial step in that direction would be to wind down their day at least thirty minutes prior to their bed time.
To get over the difficulty of pregnancy and insomnia, it is suggested for patients to get rid of any tasks that are of a stimulating kind, as well as to remember to not indulge in conversations that lead to stimulation. Therefore, not making phone calls or viewing television is advised, and special mention must be made of having to stay clear of paying attention to newscasts referring to world catastrophes, which are usually highlighted in the ten o’ clock news each night.
It is also a much better idea to take a warm herbal bath with lighting not much brighter than that of candlelight, which ought to promote relaxation prior to turning in for the night. It also happens that in pregnancy and insomnia, mothers-to-be commonly wake up in the middle of the night because of maybe the movement of the unborn baby, or due to various other reasons; in such situations, when sleep does not come to them, it would be advisable to just lie and rest. If you keep a light snack by the bed, you should be able to have something to chew on in the middle of the night rather than having to get up and fetch something out of the refrigerator.
A typical issue in pregnancy and insomnia is that mothers-to-be frequently let insomnia get to them and become anxious and lose rest stressing, which only makes for even more sleep loss. Relying on sleeping pills as a solution is also not suggested, considering that it can endanger the health of your unborn infant. Rather, you would be much better off if you accept your pregnancy and insomnia for what it is. Just let it be because with time it too will have gone by.
Even reading a book at night is a method of conquering pregnancy and insomnia, while getting up and carrying out some activity that is not too stimulating will likewise help, as too will taking short naps throughout the day.Learn More
It’s 3 a.m., you cannot sleep. It’s been like this for many nights now. You understand that there are pills available that you can take to help you sleep, but, a lot of of them have abnormal side effects, and you certainly don’t want to become addicted to anything. Their is still a healthy alternative. You do not have to take a prescription to help you sleep. There are literally hundreds of natural remedies for sleeping disorders just waiting to help you get a good night’s rest.
A lot of individuals have forgotten the older, natural remedies for sleeplessness. It’s a shame, actually. These tricks and tips have been around for hundreds of years, helping folks get a great night’s sleep without using any drugs whatsoever. Our specialists have scoured the world over to find as many all natural treatments for sleeplessness they might discover; and they have brought them all here for you. So settle in, have a read, and, hopefully, you will discover a natural remedy for your sleeping disorder.
When it concerns all natural treatments for sleeplessness, there’s just no beating good old-fashioned chamomile tea. This aromatic tea is a mix of the dried leaves and flowers of the chamomile plant. Consuming two or three cups of this tea is a time honored tradition for those dealing with sleeping disorders.
If chamomile isn’t your style, there are a great number of various other herbal, natural remedies for insomnia. These remedies ought to be taken as directed on the bottle, or by your physician; usually two or three times every day. These natural herbs for sleeplessness include cat nip, valerian root, and vervain tea.
Various other natural treatments for sleeplessness aren’t ingested at all. Taking a bath with lavender fragrance in it is a tried and true technique for getting into a relaxed, sleepy state. This method has actually been proven to be so effective, in fact, that many manufacturers now offer baby bath with lavender fragrance.
Forget your grandma’s cup of hot milk, today’s natural remedies for sleeplessness include foods that should be found in every healthy diet. Believe it or not, each of the following foods can help your body to unwind at bed time, and will help you get a great night’s sleep: bananas, spinach, turkey, yogurt, and lettuce. Make sure to include a lot of these foods in your diet, and you will be able to see a dramatic reduction in your insomnia.
While there are lots of natural remedies for insomnia, they are not all suitable for everybody. If you are pregnant or nursing, talk with your doctor before implementing any of the preceding natural remedies for insomnia into your daily routine.
Everyone deals with a sleep deprived night at one time or another. There are a lot of reasons why sleep can be disturbed for a night or two, however, when sleep deprivation ends up being a chronic condition, it can lead to a lower performance at work, or a negative impact on your overall life.
Not getting sufficient quality rest can even influence your body physically, making you more vulnerable to illness and accidents. This is why it becomes so essential to seek insomnia treatment alternatives if you are experiencing the signs of sleep deprivation over the long term.
Prior to determining which insomnia treatment will work the very best for you, it is great to understand exactly what insomnia looks like. For some, this sleep disorder will suggest the inability to fall asleep during the night. Others will have problems with waking in the middle of the night, or very early in the morning, and not being able to get back to sleep. The end result will be the exact same daytime tiredness and irritability, failure to concentrate, and difficulty staying awake.
If you are experiencing any of these signs, it might be time to talk to your physician about the very best insomnia treatment for you. If your insomnia is still relatively moderate, you might be able to treat the problem by yourself at home. This might consist of modifications to your routine, like staying clear of a heavy meal, or exhausting exercise too close to bed time. You might attempt following a routine evening schedule that consists of a late night bath or various other methods for relaxing. You will likewise want to ensure that you go to bed and get up at the exact same time every day to help train your body to an appropriate sleep time. For many, simple behavioral changes like these are sufficient sleeplessness treatments, and no additional intervention will be needed.
If you find that you need extra insomnia treatment alternatives, your physician will have more remedies for you to try out. These may consist of a medicine that can be used temporarily, in case your sleep deprivation is influencing your life in apparent and unfavorable ways. Your doctor might have additional behavior modifications that you can attempt that will attend to the underlying reasons behind your insomnia. In some cases, your doctor may likewise recommend counseling as an insomnia treatment. The good news is that there are many options in sleeping disorder treatment that will help get you back on the path to an excellent night’s sleep.Learn More
For many people sleeplessness is an occasional annoyance, triggering them to lose rest for a night or two while for others it is a continuous problem. For occasional sleeplessness, medicines offered over the counter can assist an individual sleep and stay asleep throughout the night, nonetheless adverse effects of a few of these medications might cause other troubles. In addition, taking sleeplessness medicines can mask other, more serious rest disturbances.
Usually, insomnia is called the inability to drop off to sleep and remain asleep, and some of the typical causes consist of anxiety and pain. A number of various insomnia medications can assist the person get to sleep. However, some of them can produce a reliance on the medicines after long-lasting use. In addition, some of the over the counter insomnia medicines include antihistamines that can cause an adverse communication with other medications being taken.
Some of the more recent insomnia medications on the market work well in helping people sleep rapidly but throughout tests lots were getting up in the middle of the night. They were then reformulated for an extended release of the medicine to allow them to continue to be sleeping throughout the night. One of the cautions that included many of the present crop of medicines is that the individual must have the time to sleep a minimum of seven or eight hours as getting out of bed faster can trigger drowsiness throughout the day.
In most cases insomnia is a sign of other issues and taking insomnia medicines that are aimed at the issue can be much better than simply taking a sleeping pill. As an example, one medicine is aimed at the sleep cycle and not at depressing the central nerves. This helps reset the circadian clock without the danger of being mistreated and has shown to be safe for lasting use.
Antidepressants might be suggested as one of the sleeplessness medicines for those who have trouble sleeping due to tension or depression. The medication deals with the depression, which in turn normally helps the individual sleep faster. Some of the older sleeping disorder medicines were made to remain in the system longer and are utilized for sleep disorders such as sleep walking and night terror.
These medicines can trigger fatigue during the day along with develop a dependency where the person will always require them to drop off to sleep. These insomnia medicines are not offered over the counter and needs to not be taken unless directed by your physician.Learn More
Mood disorder is the term designating a group of diagnoses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV TR) classification system where a disturbance in the person’s mood is hypothesized to be the main underlying feature. The classification is known as mood (affective) disorders in ICD 10.
English psychiatrist Henry Maudsley proposed an overarching category of affective disorder. The term was then replaced by mood disorder, as the latter term refers to the underlying or longitudinal emotional state, whereas the former refers to the external expression observed by others.
Two groups of mood disorders are broadly recognized; the division is based on whether the person has ever had a manic or hypomanicepisode. Thus, there are depressive disorders, of which the best known and most researched is major depressive disorder (MDD) commonly called clinical depression or major depression, and bipolar disorder (BD), formerly known as manic depression and characterized by intermittent episodes of mania or hypomania, usually interlaced with depressive episodes.
Disorders in this CategoryLearn More
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severe anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to any event that results in-psychological trauma. This event may involve the threat of death to oneself or to someone else, or to one’s own or someone else’s physical, sexual, or psychological integrity, overwhelming the individual’s ability to cope. As an effect of psychological trauma, PTSD is less frequent and more enduring than the more commonly seen acute stress response. Diagnostic symptoms for PTSD include re-experiencing the original trauma(s) through flashbacks or nightmares, avoidance of stimuli associated with the trauma, and increasedarousal – such as difficulty falling or staying asleep, anger, and hypervigilance. Formal diagnostic criteria (both DSM-IV-TR and ICD-10) require that the symptoms last more than one month and cause significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.Learn More
Insomnia (or sleeplessness) is most often defined by an individual’s report of sleeping difficulties. While the term is sometimes used in sleep literature to describe a disorder demonstrated by polysomnographic evidence of disturbed sleep, insomnia is often defined as a positive response to either of two questions: “Do you experience difficulty sleeping?” or “Do you have difficulty falling or staying asleep?”
Thus, insomnia is most often thought of as both a sign and a symptom that can accompany several sleep, medical, and psychiatric disorders, characterized by persistent difficulty falling asleep and/or staying asleep or sleep of poor quality. Insomnia is typically followed by functional impairment while awake. One definition of insomnia is difficulties initiating and/or maintaining sleep, or nonrestorative sleep, associated with impairments of daytime functioning or marked distress for more than 1 month.”
Insomnia can be grouped into primary and secondary, or comorbid, insomnia. Primary insomnia is a sleep disorder not attributable to a medical, psychiatric, or environmental cause. A complete diagnosis will differentiate between:
- insomnia as secondary to another condition,
- primary insomnia co-morbid with one or more conditions, or
- free-standing primary insomnia.
Types of insomnia
Insomnia can be classified as transient, acute, or chronic.
- Transient insomnia lasts for less than a week. It can be caused by another disorder, by changes in the sleep environment, by the timing of sleep, severe depression, or by stress. Its consequences – sleepiness and impaired psychomotor performance – are similar to those of sleep deprivation.
- Acute insomnia is the inability to consistently sleep well for a period of less than a month.
- Chronic insomnia lasts for longer than a month. It can be caused by another disorder, or it can be a primary disorder. Its effects can vary according to its causes. They might include muscular fatigue, hallucinations, and/or mental fatigue. Some people that live with this disorder see things as if they are happening in slow motion, wherein moving objects seem to blend together. Can cause double vision.
Dyssomnias are a broad classification of sleeping disorders that make it difficult to get to sleep, or to remain sleeping.
Dyssomnias are primary disorders of initiating or maintaining sleep or of excessive sleepiness and are characterized by a disturbance in the amount, quality, or timing of sleep.
Patients may complain of difficulty getting to sleep or staying asleep, intermittent wakefulness during the night, early morning awakening, or combinations of any of these. Transient episodes are usually of little significance. Stress, caffeine, physical discomfort, daytime napping, and early bedtimes are common factors.
Disorders in this Category
Trichotillomania is the compulsive urge to pull out one’s own hair leading to noticeable hair loss, distress, and social or functional impairment. It is often chronic and difficult to treat.
Trichotillomania may be present in infants, but the peak age of onset is 9 to 13. It may be triggered by depression or stress. Due to social implications the disorder is often unreported and it is difficult to accurately predict its prevalence; the lifetime prevalence is estimated to be between 0.6% (overall) and may be as high as 1.5% (in males) to 3.4% (in females).
The name, coined by French dermatologist François Henri Hallopeau, derives from the Greek: trich- (hair), till(en) (to pull), and mania (“an abnormal love for a specific object, place, or action”).Learn More
Pyromania in more extreme circumstances can be an impulse control disorder to deliberately start fires to relieve tension or for gratification or relief. Pyromania and pyromaniacs are distinct from arson and arsonists, whose motivations stem from psychosis, the pursuit of personal, monetary or political gain, or the intent to inflict harm for advantage or revenue. Pyromaniacs start fires to induce euphoria, and often fixate on institutions of fire control like fire stations and firefighters. Pyromania is a type of impulse control disorder.Learn More
Problem gambling (ludomania) is an urge to gamble despite harmful negative consequences or a desire to stop. Problem gambling often is defined by whether harm is experienced by the gambler or others, rather than by the gambler’s behavior. Severe problem gambling may be diagnosed as clinical pathological gambling if the gambler meets certain criteria. Although the term gambling addiction is common in the recovery movement pathological gambling is considered to be an impulse control disorder and is therefore not considered by the American Psychological Association to be an addiction.Learn More
Intermittent explosive disorder (abbreviated IED) is a behavioral disorder characterized by extreme expressions of anger, often to the point of uncontrollable rage, that are disproportionate to the situation at hand. It is currently categorized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as an impulse control disorder. IED belongs to the larger family of Axis I impulse control disorders listed in the DSM-IV-TR, along with kleptomania, pyromania, pathological gambling, and others. Impulsive aggression is unpremeditated, and is defined by a disproportionate reaction to any provocation, real or perceived. Some individuals have reported affective changes prior to an outburst (e.g.,tension, mood changes, energy changes, etc.).Learn More