Asperger’s syndrome facts
- Asperger’s syndrome was formerly characterized as a distinct autism spectrum disorder; the DSM-5 in May 2013 combined the diagnosis with autistic disorder into one condition called autism spectrum disorder or ASD.
- People with Asperger’s syndrome have normal to above-average intelligence but typically have difficulties with social interactions and often have pervasive, absorbing interests in special topics.
- Abnormalities in the subtle use of language and interpretation of language are common with Asperger’s syndrome, although language development (grammar, syntax, etc.) is normal.
- The degree of severity of symptoms can vary among affected individuals.
- Anxiety and frustration may contribute to disruptive behaviors or depression in people with Asperger’s syndrome.
- Successful treatment generally involves one or multiple social, behavioral, and/or educational interventions.
- The personality and cognitive traits common to those with Asperger’s syndrome are seen as beneficial by many, and many people with Asperger’s syndrome believe it has helped advance their professional lives.